I have a recently published an article, with Aaron Deslatte at Indiana University Bloomington, at State and Local Government Review where we explored whether metropolitan areas that had higher levels of fragmentation (meaning more general purpose governments) that spanned more than one state (we coined this "Bordered fragmentation" to indicate its uniqueness from "horizontal" and "vertical" fragmentation) lead governments to utilize more economic development incentives. We found that to be the case, but it also mattered whether the government was run by a manager or a mayor. Finding mechanisms to mitigate these ultra-competitive environments would be beneficial to regions in addressing this misallocation of resources. You can find the article here if you are interested.
Also, one such anti-poaching arrangement in light of COVID is happening in one of the regions that spans multiple states metro-DC.development-leaders-in-six-counties-form-regional-alliance/
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I am an assistant professor of political science at the University of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC). I completed my Ph.D. in Public Policy and Public Administration at George Washington University.